Relationships Between Culture and Institutions: New Inter dependencies in a Global World?

Abstract

 

This article suggests four different relationships between institutionalism and organizational culture seen as two different
levels of analysis. The relationships represent a continuum from a significant influence of the institutional level on organizational
culture to a significant cultural influence on the formation and construction of institutions. The four relationships are defined
as 1) cultural filtering of institutional pressure from isomorphism, 2) organizational culture as a source of new institutional
elements, 3) organizational culture as a source of positioning towards institutions, 4) counterculture as redefining institutions.
The article also discusses how the relationships can be seen in a temporal perspective stressing how the relationships
between culture and institutions develop over time. A temporal perspective further questions which processes constitute
the relationships between culture and institutions and how they are connected. Finally, the article points at the influence of
globalization challenging the national origin of many institutions when relating to a world of organizations, which increasingly
are becoming global. For some companies, organizational cultures become global institutional forces in their own right,
while some institutions become trapped in their own local organizational cultures. In conclusion, the article is a call for
the development of a more temporal perspective on the relationships between culture and institutions- seen in a global
perspective.

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Author: Majken Schultz